5G vs 4G – The Key Differences
What’s The Difference And Which is Better
Take a look at this chart below to learn about the major differences between a 4G network and a 5G network. Compare speed, latency, coverage and real world performance!
|4G||100-300 Mbps|| WiMax
| Extremely fast download speeds
Ideal for HD Streaming.
|5G||10-30 Gbps||Developing|| Ultra-fast internet
Low-latency and improved reliability.
The previous decade of the 21st century was a decade of innovation in the field of technology. The world has seen massive advancements in technology, especially in the telecommunication sector. As the year 2022 is progressing, so is the newest mobile network technology, 5G. Currently, the world is experiencing the benefits of 4G technology. This is gradually getting replaced with the new and better Fifth Generation technology which comes with higher speed and better coverage.
- 1 What is the need for 5G mobile networking technology?
- 2 What exactly is the difference between the two networks?
- 3 5G up to 100 times faster than 4G
- 4 5G and network slicing
- 5 Latency: 5G is the winner
- 6 5G is more than a network
- 7 Who created 5G?
- 8 How does 5G work?
- 9 5G home internet is beginning to hit the market
- 10 What are the different types of 5G?
- 11 Capability: 5G vs 4G
- 12 Which is the better network – 5G vs 4G LTE?
- 13 Will 5G work on 4G phones?
- 14 Is 5G a stronger signal than 4G?
- 15 What does Fifth Generation mean for me?
- 16 When was it introduced in the USA?
- 17 Why is 5G Dangerous?
- 18 Which countries have banned Fifth Generation technology?
- 19 What is the bandwidth of 5th generation mobile technology?
- 20 Is it good for streaming? – 5G vs 4G
- 21 Can it stream 4K?
- 22 What are the applications for 5th Generation technology?
- 23 Why are people talking about 6G already?
- 24 Does it use more battery life?
- 25 How can I improve My 4G, LTE, or 5G signal?
- 26 Who has the most 5G coverage?
- 27 What type of radiation does 5G emit?
- 28 Will 5th Generation technology be necessary for self driving cars?
- 29 Is it the future of the connected cars?
- 30 How secure is 5G?
- 31 How will 5G help businesses and industries
What is the need for 5G mobile networking technology?
The simple reason for the transition from the 4G network to the 5G network is the increase in the number of devices and the demand for a better internet. Many of the devices today do not function properly with the 4G network. They require a lot more bandwidth which can only be fulfilled with a 5G network.
There are numerous benefits to the 5G network. It operates on different radio spectrum frequencies and can connect a lot of devices to the internet. The speed in a 5G network is much higher than what you get with a 4G network.
What exactly is the difference between the two networks?
5G versus 4G
1. 5G network uses unique radio frequencies to bring the output that 4G networks fail to bring. This is the fundamental difference between 5G and 4G.
The Fifth Generation network uses radio frequencies higher than 30 GHz. The range goes to an upper limit of up to 300 GHz. On the other hand, the currently used 4G network operates on frequencies under 6 GHz.
2. One of the most interesting things about 5G frequencies is that they can support more capacity for fast data. They are comparatively less cluttered than the existing mobile data. They can be used next to other wireless signals with absolutely no interference. They are highly directional.
On the other hand, 4G towers fire data in multiple directions. What this means is that there is a massive waste of power and energy in the process of beaming radio waves at unwanted locations which do not even require access to the internet.
3. 5G network uses shorter wavelengths. This means that antennas can be comparatively smaller than the ones currently used and still provide accurate directional control. Because a single base can utilize multiple directional antennas, a lot more devices can be supported by Fifth Generation connectivity in comparison to the number of connected devices 4G supports.
This simply justifies the fact that when the 5G network becomes available widely, it will be able to deliver superfast data to a lot more users with higher precision.
4. Fifth generation networks will be smart enough to understand the type of data requested. This means that when you are surfing the internet or watching low-quality videos on your connected devices, the data will be rendered in low powered mode. And, when you are using HD video streaming or online video gaming, the data will be rendered in high powered mode.
5. 5G is faster than 4G. If you consider the peak speed of 4G and 5G, there is a huge difference in speed. 5G is 20 times faster than 4G. This means when the network works without any interruption, 5G speed is 20x faster than 4G.
The minimum peak download speed on a 4G network is 1Gbps while 5G connectivity is known to deliver peak download speed of 20 Gbps. This is the speed when your mobile device has a direct connection with the tower. When you are moving around, the speed may not be the same.
6. While the current 4G network has failed to help the IOT live up to its full potential, Fifth Generation networks are capable of enabling IOT work at its best. Be it a smart vehicle to vehicle communication, smart traffic lights, smart home devices or any other modern technology, with a 5G network there are endless possibilities waiting to be explored.
5G up to 100 times faster than 4G
Superior Download Speeds
5G speeds are up to 10 gigabits per second – 100 times faster than 4G. Downloading a high-definition film over a 4G network takes 50 minutes on average – on 5G, it takes just nine minutes. 5G can deliver the level of performance needed for an increasingly connected society. Connectivity requirements vary depending on what type of connectivity available to stream, such as a car or a film streaming over a network, vary between 5G and 4G. Drivers and drivers can expect connectivity levels that are less reliable on 4G networks.
5G and network slicing
Network slicing becomes much easier when the network is split to tailor speed, capacity, coverage, encryption and security. Each slice will rely on a ‘slice SIM,’ also known as the ‘sSIM’ which will be stored in your 5G SIM. ‘Network slicing’ reassigns resources from one’slice’ of the network to another’slice” that needs it. This is possible thanks to the ability of the network to split resources in a dynamic way.
The idea behind network slicing is that you have some slices with low latency and high throughputs for things like gaming, while other slices are able to prioritize features such as battery life or security. In order for this concept to work, however, the network needs to be able to share resources on-demand.
Latency: 5G is the winner
Better performance with 5G means a lower latency rate (the delay between sending and receiving information) for 4G, this is 200 milliseconds, 200 milliseconds. The latency rate is significantly lower: at just 1 millisecond. The 5G networks will help develop new services and devices to connect cars and vehicles, including virtual-reality gaming and remote-surgical operations. In a sense, IoT and 5G create a perfect combination: connected cars and vehicle-to-vehicle information (aka V2X), such as virtual-revenge gaming and remote-surgery simply surgical operations.
5G is more than a network
A 5G network has so much processing power built in, that it becomes more than a network. Processing intense tasks, like AR-filters or games, could be handled by the network instead of your phone. 5G makes new types of battery-powered devices, like light-weight AR-glasses, possible. It enables things like coordinated fleets of connected delivery drones and fleets of drones. Will 5G vs 4G make any difference for cloud services? If you’re looking to use a smart phone, use our quiz to try and find out more about how to connect with other devices using 5G networks? Share your pictures and videos for the latest 5G photos of 5G technology.
Who created 5G?
Ericsson has been a key member of the 3GPP since it was founded. The global standardization ensures devices and networks will work together regardless of where in the world you are. 5G is a global and open standard which means that anyone can read about how it works. Ericsson is contributing to the development of 5G, particularly in the areas related to the ultra-lean radio design, security and subscriber privacy, network slicing, and energy efficiency, according to the company who helped develop the world’s first 5G radio technology. The Ericsson-led group is a major part of the global 5G standardization organization, and is working with leading operators, research institutes, other companies developing new technologies and regulators to ensure that the standard will be able to meet the needs of different regions.
In order to make sure networks can seamlessly connect mobile devices in a variety of environments around the world without compromising performance or battery life, Ericsson has been researching how best to manage a heterogeneous network that includes various types of networks, from fixed broadband to vehicle-based connectivity.
How does 5G work?
5G networks can be built in different ways from multiple bands: low-band, mid-band and high-band. Low-band travels farther than other bands, and can pass through more obstacles, and provides better coverage. High-band millimeter wave frequencies have greater bandwidth available to carry more data in dense urban areas. Mid-band balances speed and range, and it’s less impacted by buildings. Low-Band travels farther over hundreds of square miles, providing better coverage and a stronger signal both indoors and out. High band bands require cell sites to be in close proximity and have limited penetration in buildings. Mid band frequencies have limited coverage than high coverage than high band frequencies, but they are less impacted by buildings.
5G home internet is beginning to hit the market
Some internet providers are using 5G and 4G networks to set up fixed-wireless internet. Verizon has a 5G service that uses a router to pick up signals from 5G transmitters. 4G is also gaining popularity as a home internet service for rural areas, especially in rural areas. We can also see some of these services on our provider’s 4G web providers’ sites: Verizon, AT&I, O2, Verizon, TKG, Samsung, Google, XFi, Amazon, Google and Samsung and VCA. In some areas, 5G services will work best for customers living in big cities, but Verizon also has LTE Home Internet service that runs over its 4G network.
What are the different types of 5G?
5G comes in three types, three different types. The range of each type is based on the range each type has and the average speeds it can deliver to your phone.
The first type is the Low-band spectrum. This range is around 600 MHz and it has a slower pace than other types of spectrums, but it can cover more area because its waves are able to travel further long distances due to their lower frequency. It’s perfect for densely populated areas with high traffic like cities or campuses. The downside is that it can’t provide the same high speeds as other types of spectrum.
The second type is mmWave, which stands for millimeter wave spectrums or waves that are between 30 GHz and 300 GHz. The benefits of this range are that its speed gets up to 20 gigabytes per second with a coverage radius or about 500 meters in diameter, making it perfect for dense areas like stadiums where we need fast internet but also want wide coverage so more people can get access at once without overcrowding. The downside? It only has a short shelf life because these rays or waves lose their effectiveness pretty quickly over time due to attenuation- atmospheric conditions would affect both signal quality and frequency degradation-so they’re best used in places where there aren’t many obstructions.
The third type is Sub-mmWave, which stands for the submillimeter waves that are between 300 GHz and 30 THz. The major advantage to this range is its ability to penetrate through windows or walls with minimal refraction losses because of ultra high frequencies (UHF) like 60GHz or higher ranges, enabling it to provide a constant connection indoors without any problems such as signal disruptions from external objects. This will also allow speeds up to 20Gbps per second in bandwidths at least 50 times less than mmWaves but still have coverage radius of 500 meters in diameter. There’s no downside other than needing line-of-sight connectivity due to low frequency attenuation rates found within the spectrum.
Capability: 5G vs 4G
5G can operate at a high frequency, meaning it will allow massive data speeds. It will be able to operate between 30GHz and 300GHz. The radio frequency bands won’t be crowded with existing devices because they’re new. 5G is a new technology, so it will free up bandwidth from existing devices. It’s not just a new radio technology, but it’s a big leap forward and will change our mobile devices’ use of the radio frequencies more quickly than 4G LTE can currently use, such as 5G, but they will change the way we use them, such as with mobile broadband, internet of things and augmented reality.
Which is the better network – 5G vs 4G LTE?
5G is clearly better than 4G LTE in every way.
However, it will be unrealistic to expect 5G services to deliver full potential in terms of speed, latency, and coverage immediately. Telecom operators are still working towards improving 4th-gen LTE coverage. The rolling out of fifth generation services may still take some time. Most networks are still in development and some are looking for a launch by the end of 2022.
Will 5G work on 4G phones?
No, 5G will not work on 4G Phones. In order to make the most of 5th Generation technology and to enjoy it’s speed, you will need a new phone that supports this technology. This does not mean that your 4G phone will stop working. 4G phones will work perfectly fine. With all the people switching to 5th Generation, the 4G network is likely to get less crowded and allow you to enjoy higher speeds.
5G is designed for more than phones
5G lets you stream music, video and video streaming through a faster internet connection than 4G. The technology is designed to connect many more types of devices than smartphones. For a smart watch, 5G can provide a connection that consumes very little energy. In the future we will see more and more new types of devices, each requiring connections with different levels of performance and characteristics – and 5G will connect with more devices that need its own kind of service. We can see where 5G connects with our mobile phones and laptops, and what type of devices you might use with next generation’s 4G will need the same service for the most of these devices.
Is 5G a stronger signal than 4G?
Signal Strength: 5G vs 4G
No, 4G is a stronger signal. But in terms of data carrying capacity over shorter distances, 5g is stronger. The way both networks function is not entirely similar. Since 5th Generation uses a shorter wavelength (millimeter waves) as compared to 4G, 5G network can carry a lot of data over a shorter distance. However, it can only carry this data at 2% of the range 4G network carries it at.
The range of 4G network is approximately 10 miles, and the range of fifth generation network is 1000 feet. This difference is stark. In order for this 5th generation of cell phone wireless communication to work, a lot of antennas and towers would have to be built and these would have to be everywhere. The 5G network is also extremely susceptible to interference. Even a lamppost or a tree is capable of blocking 5G signals. So while the 5G signal is stronger in terms of data speed, 4G signals are stronger in terms of carrying data over a larger distance and without interference.
What does Fifth Generation mean for me?
5G will mean unprecedented data speeds. With the introduction of this technology, the need for Wifi may be rendered obsolete. To put things into context, with 5G, Internet speeds could be as high as 20 GBPS. 4G speeds can generally go as high as 45 MBPS. Reaching average speeds of 1 GBPS on 4G technology is only considered theoretically possible. Even at 1 GBPS, 4G at its peak only offers data speeds that are considered to be on the lower end of the spectrum in comparison to 5G.
So this means ultra fast download speed. Downloading a Netflix movie will take a couple of minutes at most. Lags and buffering will be completely eliminated by the 5th Generation, thus improving video streaming and gaming experiences. Latency will be at its lowest, allowing a stronger, more reliable connection, thus opening up a plethora of possibilities.
5G technology will also finally help in realizing the potential of IoT devices. This means self driving cars, power saving lamp posts, drone deliveries, traffic managing signals and real-time automated parking assistants are all expected to be a part of our daily lives. Fifth generation will lead to an extremely connected world. A world that is much faster than it can be imagined.
When was it introduced in the USA?
When was 5G introduced in USA? Verizon introduced 5G technology in the USA, in April 2019. The technology was piloted in parts of Chicago and Minneapolis. Verizon subsequently launched this 5th generation technology in Denver, Washington, New York and 30 other major cities in America.
Why is 5G Dangerous?
5G is not dangerous for your health.
5G, 4G and all other preceding networks emit a radio frequency radiation. However, this radiation is non-ionizing. Apart from creating warmth, non-ionizing radiation is harmless for all intents and purposes. When it is said that radiation can be a health hazard, causing burns, cancer and other genetic damage, it is addressed to Ionizing radiation that is caused by nuclear energy.
RF Radiation for decades has been used in TV, Radio and other networks and due to its non-ionizing nature, it is not dangerous at all. Fifth generation network is absolutely safe for your health.
Which countries have banned Fifth Generation technology?
No country has banned the deployment of 5G technology. Brussels in Belgium has halted the roll out of the 5th Generation technology to study its effects. However, the rest of Belgium and European Union are in the process of either launching or expanding their 5G network.
What is the bandwidth of 5th generation mobile technology?
5G is reported to have at least ten times the bandwidth as compared to 4G technology. The theoretical top speed possible for 4G is 100 MBPS. 5G technology theoretically promises a top speed of 10 GBPS, which is a 10x improvement.
For the unversed, this would mean a 2 hour movie would take under 5 seconds to download on 5G. The same movie would take 6-8 minutes on 4G and more than 24 hours on 3G.
Is it good for streaming? – 5G vs 4G
Most Optimal Network for Streaming
Fifth generation will be the most optimal network for streaming. Downloading movies will be a matter of seconds, with ultra low latency and no issue in buffering. You can not only stream movies and sports without lag, but you can also view them in 4K+ quality. 5th Generation communication technology is also considered to be the go-to technology for VR and Augmented Reality, as fifth generation’s speed works without any restrictions on quality and file size.
Can it stream 4K?
With the super high faster speeds and stable connection that 5th generation of cellular mobile communications delivers, yes it’s possible. 5G will soon be the go to technology for streaming in 4k from the comfort of your living room. In fact, 5G will not only be able to stream 4k, but also 8k technology, and even while you’re travelling. This is due to the decongestion of the network on 5G technology, thus eliminating any latency and buffering issues you would face otherwise while streaming on 4th Generation.
What are the applications for 5th Generation technology?
5G technology with its great speed and reliability will have many applications. 5G technology will allow IoT (Internet of Things) devices to communicate with each other, paving the way for autonomous inventions (self-driving cars), drone deliveries, smart car parking and traffic lights that manage traffic. 5G is also going to help the medical industry make great inroads in technology. Remote controlled robotic surgeries are also being made possible with 5G technology. VR & Augmented Reality in entertainment and gaming is another path breaking application of 5G communications technology.
See also: What does 5G mean for IOT
Why are people talking about 6G already?
All the talks about 6G technology are taking place because the developments with fifth generation technology are already very successful and creating sixth generation technology means building on what fifth generation already offers.
Cellular technology has to keep evolving to keep up with the needs of the ever changing world. While 5G is only just getting launched across the world. The discussion about developing 6G technology is already happening to interpret and operate on an even higher radio frequency than 5th-gen technology. Developing sixth-gen technology would help in a much higher computing power, which will help in making improvements in a lot of sectors. For example, 6G would play a big part in improving public safety.
6G with its predicted 1 TBPS speeds would be ideal for threat detection, health monitoring, facial and behavioral recognition, and air pollution and gas toxicity measurements. Research and development of 6G technology started in 2020, and the earliest commercial deployment is expected in 2030.
Does it use more battery life?
No, 5G does not need more battery or power than 4G network. Using 5G may seem like your battery life is draining out faster. This is due to the limited coverage of 5G service areas. As fifth generation network coverage increases, the switching between signals would drop drastically thus conserving your battery life. A super fast, low latency network would allow the data to be processed on the network and not the mobile device. This would allow a larger conservation of power (as high as 90%) on 5G network as compared to fourth generation.
How can I improve My 4G, LTE, or 5G signal?
To improve your 4G or LTE signals, it’s imperative to check the condition of your phone. Ensure the software on your phone is updated, and services like WiFi, Bluetooth and NFC are turned off as they can eat into your bandwidth. Restart your phone’s connection by turning on airplane mode and turning it off, as it will enable your phone to reconnect to a strong cell phone signal. If you are still struggling with a poor 4G or LTE signal, reset your network settings or manually select your network operator.
Sometimes, it is not your phone but your location that causes poor connectivity. If you are in a location with poor signal, move up a floor or to a higher ground, as buildings and trees can obstruct signals. And being at a higher ground allows you to connect to a cell phone tower with a stronger signal. Going to a window or stepping outside can also help you get a stronger signal from the cell tower, as the signal is unlikely to be blocked by the walls of your building/house, and you will be able to receive a direct signal from the cell tower. If poor signal is a common occurrence and the problem is not your phone, switch to a carrier that offers better connectivity in the area you reside.
This 5th generation of mobile communications works best with no obstruction. So locating the 5G tower and positioning yourself in the line of sight with the tower is guaranteed to improve your 5G signal. Even the furniture in your room can disrupt your 5G signal. Apps like Opensignal help in locating your nearest 5G signal. If you are using a high-band, you can mostly see the tower, so position yourself accordingly.
If you have the first wave of 5G phones, it is quite likely you have an old modem. These old modems are not compatible with different 5G signals and can be very restrictive. Upgrade to a mobile phone with a newer modem, like the Oneplus 7T pro 5G.
Pick your network carrier wisely. While Verizon, T-Mobile and Sprint, all offer fifth generation technology, base your decision on the city you live in and which carrier has the strongest presence. Also, 5G is new technology, so being patient is key as setting up towers is a time consuming process. So the patient you are, the better your 5G experience will be and lesser you’ll have to worry about connection-drop and how many devices are connected to the network.
Who has the most 5G coverage?
T-Mobile launched a nationwide roll out of the 5G network in December 2019, and has the most expansive and inclusive network in the USA. T-Mobile’s 5G network is said to cover 60% of Americans, higher than all other American network carriers.
What type of radiation does 5G emit?
Low Frequency RF Signals
The radio waves used in this 5th generation of cellular mobile communications technology are low frequency. These are low frequency RF signals and they emit a non-ionizing radiation. Non-ionizing radiation is on the opposite end of the electromagnetic spectrum, as opposed to ionizing radiation sources like UV Rays, X-Rays and Gamma Rays. Ionizing radiation can certainly cause genetic damage, burns and cancers. But non-ionizing radiation isn’t strong enough to heat your body, damage your cells or weaken your immune system in any way.
RF signals have been used in radio and television broadcasts, along with former network technologies like 2G, 3G and 4G. They all emit a harmless non-ionizing radiation and 5G is no different.
Will 5th Generation technology be necessary for self driving cars?
Yes. Self-driving cars are the future. This would help greatly reduce human error that leads to about 80% of all accidents. But for self-driving cars to become a reality, a very intensive investment would have to be made for these autonomous vehicles to interpret traffic and infrastructure. Great speed and low latency is the key to making self driving cars a reality, as only then would a V2V (vehicle-to-vehicle communication) between vehicles come into effect. Which would then allow cars to share information about route and speed. A widespread availability of fifth generation technology is critical to develop and launch self-driving cars.
Is it the future of the connected cars?
Yes, 5G is the future of connected cars. While autonomous, self-drive cars are still some years away. Connected cars have made a foray into our daily lives. 5G technology can improve connected cars in optimizing and maintaining their performance. It can also enhance navigation systems and improve the safety, convenience, comfort and entertainment of its passengers.
5G technology with its reliability, faster speeds and low latency allows cars to interact with other cars. The technology also enables cars to interact with other devices, be it at home, workplace or cloud systems to create a great driving experience. 5G technology is also the future when it comes to enabling remote driving. Prototypes for these have already been tested.
5G and Traffic
Real-time information sharing will help reduce emissions and congestion. 5G will connect vehicles, roadside infrastructure and digitalizing the entire traffic system. This reduces travel times and emissions, and improves safety of the public. The world is changing as transport demand and demand for smart cities, and traffic is more and more, with 5G supporting devices with more device density and millisecond response time. It also makes it possible for traffic to see around corners in real-time and prevent accidents in traffic jams, making safety easier for drivers and passengers. In addition, the technology will also be able to create dedicated network slices for the traffic infrastructure at a cost of $1.5 billion.
This will reduce congestion by providing a dedicated network for such traffic, and it can be used to provide emergency services. For smart city applications, it can also help with infrastructure investment as well as promoting the economic development of cities. It’s not just new devices that need this technology but also existing ones like autonomous vehicles.
How secure is 5G?
5G slicing – splitting of the network to tailor speed and capacity – is more easily achieved with the technology of 4G. This can provide an extra element of security not afforded by WIFI – which is shared by others on the spectrum and more easily interfered with by 4G – and can be faster, more efficient and secure than shared by other devices on 4G spectrum, such as smartphones, computers, tablets and tablets with embedded embedded within the next generation of super data networks. Digital Catapult says slicing makes 5G a dedicated network with which manufacturers can control and support their IoT solutions for reliable wireless communication, with guaranteed quality of service and Cloud or Edge-based computation, storage, and analytics.
How will 5G help businesses and industries
5G will enable $12.3 trillion of global economic output in 2035, says IHS Markit. Uses use include truly haptic appearances – where tactile sensation or experience can be shared live – so remote operators of robotics can ‘feel’ and ‘touch’ through a machine. A real-time, fast and reliable network can enable industries to free machines from cabling for network connection to go wireless for more flexible and autonomous operations that can increase productivity and reduce costs. This could be used in factories, mines or even for remote surgery. 5G is also expected to create truly connected and smart cities, as well as be the supporting network for autonomous vehicles, smart grids and other critical infrastructure systems.