The previous decade of the 21st century was a decade of innovation in the field of technology. The world has seen massive advancements in technology, especially in the telecommunication sector. As the year 2019 is progressing, so is the newest mobile network technology, 5G. Currently, the world is experiencing the benefits of 4G technology. This is gradually getting replaced with the new and better 5G technology which comes with higher speed and better coverage.

Take a look at this chart below to get some idea about the major differences between a 4G network and a 5G network.

5G vs 4G

Generation Speed Technology Features
4G 100-300Mbps WiMax

LTE

Extremely fast download speeds

Ideal for HD Streaming.

5G 10-30Gbps Developing Ultra-fast internet

Low-latency and improved reliability.

What is the need for 5G?

The simple reason for the transition from the 4G network to the 5G network is the increase in the number of devices and the demand for a better internet. Many of the devices today do not function properly with the 4G network. They require a lot more bandwidth which can only be fulfilled with a 5G network.

There are numerous benefits to the 5G network. It operates on different radio spectrum frequencies and can connect a lot of devices to the internet. The speed in a 5G network is much higher than what you get with a 4G network.

What exactly is the difference between 4G and 5G network?

1. 5G network uses unique radio frequencies to bring the output that 4G networks fail to bring. This is the fundamental difference between 5G and 4G.

The 5G network uses radio frequencies higher than 30 GHz. The range goes to an upper limit of up to 300 GHz. On the other hand, the currently used 4G network operates on frequencies under 6 GHz.

2. One of the most interesting things about 5G frequencies is that they can support a large capacity for fast data. They are comparatively less cluttered than the existing mobile data. They can be used next to other wireless signals with absolutely no interference. They are highly directional.

On the other hand, 4G towers fire data in multiple directions. What this means is that there is a massive waste of power and energy in the process of beaming radio waves at unwanted locations which do not even require access to the internet.

3. 5G network uses shorter wavelengths. This means that antennas can be comparatively smaller than the ones currently used and still provide accurate directional control.  Because a single base can utilize multiple directional antennas, a lot more devices can be supported by 5G in comparison to the number of devices 4G supports.

This simply justifies the fact that when the 5G network becomes available widely, it will be able to deliver superfast data to a lot more users with higher precision.

 

4. 5 networks will be smart enough to understand the type of data requested. This means that when you are surfing the internet or watching low-quality videos on your devices, the data will be rendered in low powered mode. And, when you are using HD video streaming or online video gaming, the data will be rendered in high powered mode.

5. 5G is faster than 4G. If you consider the peak speed of 4G and 5G, there is a huge difference in speed. 5G is 20 times faster than 4G. This means when the network works without any interruption, 5G speed is 20x faster than 4G.

The minimum peak download speed on a 4G network is 1Gbps while 5G is known to deliver peak download speed of 20 Gbps. This is the speed when your device has a direct connection with the tower. When you are moving around, the speed may not be the same.

6. While the current 4G network has failed to help the IOT live up to its full potential, 5G networks are capable of enabling IOT work at its best. Be it a smart vehicle to vehicle communication, smart traffic lights, smart home devices or any other modern technology, with a 5G network there are endless possibilities waiting to be explored.

Which is the better network – 5G or 4G?

5G is clearly better than 4G in every way.

However, it will be unrealistic to expect 5G services to deliver full potential in terms of speed, latency, and coverage immediately. Telecom operators are still working towards improving 4G coverage. The rolling out of 5G services may still take some time. Most networks are still in development and some are looking for a launch by the end of 2020.